a celebrated Greek physician who lived into the 3rd century B.C., born at Chalcedon, and settled at Alexandria, where he devoted himself specially to anatomy and helped to found the medical school in that city; his zeal is said to have led him to dissect criminals alive; some of his writings are yet extant.

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Herophilus — Herophilus, alexandr. Arzt nach 300 v. Chr., war der erste, der menschliche Leichen secirte und wurde dadurch Stifter einer anatom. Schule; die ersten wichtigen anatom. Entdeckungen werden ihm zugeschrieben. Außer einem Commentar über die… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • HEROPHILUS — Medicus celebris, Phalaridem sanitati restituit. Circa Olymp 53. Plin. l. 11. c. 37. l. 26. c. 2. et 3. et l. 29. c. 1. Cic. quaest. Acad. l. 2. Plutarch. de placitis Phil. l. 4. c. 22. et l. 5. c. 2. Tertull. l. de Anima, c. 10. Neander in… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Herophilus — born с 335 BC, Chalcedon, Bithynia died с 280 Alexandrian physician, often called the father of anatomy. He performed public dissections on human corpses; studied the cavities of the brain, which he regarded as the centre of the nervous system;… …   Universalium

  • Herophilus — Greek physician and anatomist of the Alexandrian school, circa 300 B.C. See torcular herophili …   Medical dictionary

  • Herophilus — /hɪəˈrɒfələs/ (say hear rofuhluhs) noun died 280? BC, Greek physician; the first western anatomist, he distinguished nerves from blood vessels and sensory from motor nerves …   Australian English dictionary

  • Herophilus — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Herophilus of Chalcedon — (c. 300 bc) Greek anatomist and physician Herophilus, a pupil of Praxagoras of Cos, was one of the founders of the Alexandrian medical school set up at the end of the 4th century bc under the patronage of Ptolemy I Soter. Although none of his… …   Scientists

  • Herophilus of Chalcedon — See Hellenistic biological sciences …   History of philosophy

  • ГЕРОФИЛ —    • Herophĭlus,          Ήρόφιλος, отличный греческий врач из Халкедона в Бифинии, ученик Праксагора Косского, приверженец Гиппократа, сочинения которого он издал с объяснениями, жил в Александрии в царствование Александра Великого и первых… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Hellenistic biological sciences — R.J.Kankinson The five centuries that separate Aristotle’s death in 322 BC from Galen’s ascendancy in Rome in the latter part of the second century AD were fertile ones for the biological sciences, in particular medicine. Nor is the period solely …   History of philosophy

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